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How to Install WordPress Ubuntu

  1. Install WordPress Ubuntu: things to do before
  2. Installation and Configuration of Apache 2
    1. Preparation
    2. Allowance of web traffic by Firewall adjustment
    3. How to find the IP address of your server
  3. Installation of MySQL
  4. PHP installation
  5. Install WordPress on Ubuntu: tutorial
    1. Preparation
    2. Installation and configuration

Ubuntu is a software operating system, which is Debian based. It’s open and completely free. Every six months it’s released, while its support for long term is released every two years. There are three crucial editions of this system: Server, Desktop, Core. They can all be run either on the computers or virtually. OpenStack being supported by this system is often used in cloud computing.

Install WordPress Ubuntu.


Install WordPress Ubuntu: things to do before

The process of WordPress’ installation on Ubuntu needs some preparations, about which we’re going to tell you in this article. Below you will find the necessary tutorials.

A “LAMP” includes the open-source software the group of which is recommended to be installed together: it enables web applications and sites to be hosted by the server. The mentioned group contains the operating system Linux, the web server Apache, MySQL (the storage of all website content) and PHP (it processes dynamic data).


Installation and Configuration of Apache 2

Apache Software Foundation maintained and developed Apache Web Server, which is an open and completely free web source. This server powers approximately half of all the websites around the world. Thanks to it, developers of sites may post their content and other data on the internet. In other words, when users request information through the address bar of a browser, the server delivers it to them.

In our guide all the procedures and commands were run on the Ubuntu 18.04 LTS system. The mentioned commands may be opened through Dash.


Preparation

The installation of the server is provided by package manager of Ubuntu, apt:

Preparation 01.

Preparation 02.

It’s a “sudo” command, which means that you execute the operations with root privileges. For verification you’ll be asked for a password. You should enter it, and then the packages for installation and the necessary disk space for them will be presented to you. Just press “Yes” and “Enter” to go forward.


Allowance of web traffic by Firewall adjustment

Now, after successfully following of all the recommendations above, you should verify if HTTPS and HTTP traffic are allowed. The presence of the Apache’s app profile may be checked in the following way:

Firewall adjustment 01.

Below, the traffic should be enabled to the ports 80,443/tcp:

Firewall adjustment.

Firewall adjustment 03.

Your next step is:

Firewall adjustment 02.

At this stage it would be better to inspect the accuracy of the previous actions. The procedure is quite simple: just open the web browser and visit the IP address of your server. If you don’t know it, look through our guide below.

Firewall adjustment 05.

If you’ve done everything right, you may see the following default page. So the server is installed correctly and is fully accessible.

Ubuntu default page.


How to find the IP address of your server

The connection to your server is done through SSH. For this you should know the IP address we’re talking about. We present to you two ways to find it using a command line.

In the first case, you should type the following text:

Find the IP address.

You’ll receive two to three addresses. All of them are correct, but nevertheless check out each of them, as usually only one address may be used on a computer.

Another way is to contact the outside party and ask how your server is seen:

Find the IP address 02.

No matter which method you choose, it’s necessary to do verification in order to see the default page.


Installation of MySQL

Once your server is working properly we may move to the next step to install WordPress Ubuntu: it’s a MySQL installation. In short, it’s a system of database management. Its main functions are organization and provision of access to the databases, where all the content and information of your website may be stored.

Here we start with the usage of apt:

Installation of MySQL.

As in Apache 2 installation the packages for installation and the necessary disk space for them will be presented to you. Type “Yes” to move further.

After finishing installation, run a script that provides the database system with security. As a result, access to the database is locked down and all kinds of defaults are removed. An interactive script is started in the following way:

Installation of MySQL 02.

Then you’ll be asked about configuration of Validate Password Plugin. If you’re going to answer “Yes” just type “Y” but if not, press anything else to move further.

Validate Password Plugin.

If you choose “Y” be ready to choose a level of the password check. Remember that if you enter “2” for the strongest level, there will be errors during password setting (the password doesn’t include any numbers, characters, common vocabulary words, or just letters).

Levels of password validation policy

No matter what previous actions you’ve done, you’ll be asked to choose a password for root user and then to confirm it. It’s an account with great benefits. Think well about your future password in order to make it reliable.

While checking your password, you may see the strength of the chosen password. Also you’ll be proposed to choose another password. If you want to leave your password, just type “N” as in the example:

Using password of root.

To answer the other questions, type “Y” and go on. In the result, the test database and any anonymous users are removed, the root logins are disabled, the new rules are loaded, and so MySQL will start working while taking into account all your changes.

It’s necessary to mention, that starting with MySQL 5.7 and any newer versions, the root user is authenticated with a plugin instead of using the password. Use of a plugin provides greater security.

Now everything is set up, and it’s time to enter “exit”:

mysql exit.

And we move to the final part of the stack installation.


PHP installation

With PHP the code is processed, the scripts are run, the content is displayed dynamically, and the information may be gathered through connections with databases.

Use the system apt once more, but now with the help of already installed database and server:

PHP installation.

PHP installation 02.

Everything should be clear and easy. Quite frequently it’s obligatory to change the way the server shows the requested files. Initially, the html files are shown.

PHP installation 03.

But we need it to serve PHP files first of all. It should be seen in the following way:

PHP installation 04.

After saving the file, close it. To make the server recognize the changes you have to restart it.

PHP installation 05.

To close it, type “Q”.

To provide PHP with a bigger number of functions we should add the modules. To see all the variety of commands, libraries, and other modules move the received results into “less.”

PHP installation 06.

Look through the list by scrolling, or type “Q” to exit.

Below you may get general information about the modules ready for installation:

PHP installation 07.

To learn more detailed description of the packages serve the internet. In case you decided to install any of them you must use “apt install” as a crucial command.

PHP installation 08.

In this example, the chosen package is called “php-cli”.

Congratulations! Your stack is ready.


Install WordPress on Ubuntu: tutorial

Preparation

It’s necessary to do some preparations.

First of all, make a file for configuration. You may name it, for instance, “WordPress.configuration”. It will be a reproduction of the existing default file, which is also responsible for configuration.

Secondly, make the directory as shown below:

Install WordPress on Ubuntu Preparation.

Save all the editions.

To use the options of permanent links enter the next command:

Install WordPress on Ubuntu Preparation 02.

The entire configuration may be tested by means of the following step:

Install WordPress on Ubuntu Preparation 03.

Verify if the text “Syntax OK” appears. You can ignore all the other messages: they don’t affect the installation.

Using this command you may restart the server to verify if the system works with your changes.

Install WordPress on Ubuntu Preparation 04.


Installation and configuration

The location may be changed to the directory and then you can begin to download WordPress. Here is how to do it:

Configuration.

Configuration 03.

Unpack the file in the following way:

Configuration 02.

Now the next file may be created:

Configuration 04.

Save it and give it another name as shown below:

Configuration 05.

You’ll need a new folder located at the following address:

Configuration 06.

Our initial configuration is finished and the download root will be supplemented.

Configuration 07.

To verify the correctness of the previous actions the “owners” of the files in WordPress must be renamed to the “www-data”. This will let you use the server. Follow the next command:

Configuration 08.

Don’t forget that permission must be corrected like:

Configuration 09.

Configuration 10.

The WordPress “salt” is required to perform the beginning of the configuration. Here’s how it should look:

Configuration 11.

All the results will differ from each other and each result will include salt values. Copy and add the result you receive to the following file:

Configuration 12.

Change the mentioned values in the file and save it. In this file above there are some configuration tools. Change the “DB_....” on the values you’ve got:

Configuration 13.

The “FS” method may also be added as well:

Configuration 14.

Save the changes.

The backend is set up. Access to WordPress may be performed by typing in the URL and your IP address.

All further actions will be similar to the common WordPress setup. Firstly, you’ll be asked to choose a language. Secondly, you should choose a strong password and user name.

At the end, press “Install” to finish the setup.


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Stacy

An experienced marketing specialist, traveler, and lifestyle blogger. In the rapidly changing and constantly growing digital world, it's important to keep an eye on innovations in the field. Follow me on Quora and Facebook for the latest updates.

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